madame de pompadour morte

Logo depois ele ficou noivo da princesa polonesa Maria Leszczynska que vivera em exílio na Alemanha. Poisson foi acusado de pagar uma quantia enorme e declarou-se devedor do tesouro. Pompadour was an indispensable comfort to Louis who was prone to melancholy and boredom. The oil sketch of Pompadour's lost portrait by Boucher sits in the Starhemberg room at Waddesdon Manor built by Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild, surrounded by Sèvres porcelain, another industry that she greatly influenced and innovated through personal dissemination across an international network of her own clientele. Pompadour was not involved, other than to accept it as a necessity. Looking at the rain during the departure of his mistress' coffin from Versailles, the devastated king reportedly said: "La marquise n'aura pas de beau temps pour son voyage." She was particularly careful not to alienate the Queen, Marie Leszczyńska. Introduite à la cour par relations, elle est remarquée par le roi Louis XV et devient sa maîtresse-en-titre, de 1745 à 1751. Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild, an avid 19th-century collector in London and Waddesdon Manor, collected a number of her books, including this previously mentioned book and a copy of her published catalogue of books from 1764, which lists her entire collection.[41]. Lenonnant tinha uma casa de campo em Étiolles, uma casa em Paris, um salário impressionante e, o mais importante, tinha um círculo social que se relacionava realeza, um mundo onde as senhoras utilizavam os coches para admirarem os cavalheiros e os nobres caçavam raposas na floresta de Sénart. [6], Enquanto Louise-Madeleine descobria o que iria fazer em seguida, mandou Jeanne-Antoinette, então com cinco anos de idade, para estudar no convento das Irmãs Ursulinas em Poissy. [23] She patronized Jacques Guay, the gemstone engraver, who taught her to engrave in onyx, jasper and other semi-precious stones.[36]. Mas ainda havia muito o que aprender neste período em que ela teve que aprender os títulos e nomes da famílias mais importantes do reino, ela teve o auxílio do Abade de Bernis, de Voltaire e de alguns outros interessados em se beneficiar da posição de Marquesa de Pompadour e amante declarada do rei. Voltaire wrote: "I am very sad at the death of Madame de Pompadour. [38], Madame de Pompadour is considered an amateur printmaker who made print engravings with the help of Boucher. [16] It was at this ball that the King, disguised along with seven courtiers as a yew tree, publicly declared his affection for Jeanne Antoinette. Infant Bacchus; engraving by Madame de Pompadour of a drawing by Boucher after an engraved gemstone by Guay c. 1755. [3], Governava Versalhes, concedia audiências a embaixadores e tomava decisões sobre todas as questões ligadas à concessão de favores, de forma tão absoluta quanto qualquer monarca. [39] She had engraving equipment, to create the prints of works by Boucher and Guay, brought within her personal apartments in Versailles[40], Her political mind can also be attributed to her great book collection. Other actresses to have played her include: "Madame Pompadour" redirects here. Nas palavras de Marcelle Tinayre, vizinha e amiga íntima dos Poissons, Madame Poisson deu à filha a "educação de uma cortesã superior". She was the subject of several portraits throughout her lifetime. Hooper-Hamersley, The Hunt,71 and Levron, Katherine K. Gordon, "“Madame de Pompadour, Pigalle, and the Iconography of Friendship,”", The Life of the Marquise de Pompadour in 3 minutes, Charles François Paul Le Normant de Tournehem, Louis François Armand du Plessis, duc de Richelieu, "More than a Mistress: Madame de Pompadour was a Minister of the Arts", "Were champagne glasses modeled on the breasts of Madame de Pompadour? Within these salons she crossed paths with principal figures of the Enlightenment, including Voltaire, Charles Pinot Duclos, Montesquieu, Helvétius, and Bernard de Fontenelle. Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, marquise de Pompadour, duchesse de Menars [ 1 ], naît le 29 décembre 1721 à Paris et meurt le 15 avril 1764 à Versailles. [9], Considerado o homem mais belo do reino, provavelmente conheceu a ainda Madame d'Etioles em 1742, em um baile onde ele a notou - como não notar aquela que era considerada uma das mulheres mais belas de Paris? Even her enemies admired her courage during the final painful weeks. Pompadour quickly mastered the highly mannered court etiquette. Dotada de inteligência, encanto, beleza, e ao mesmo tempo uma mulher fria, em termos físicos e na alma, Madame de Pompadour via seu papel como o de uma secretária confidencial do rei. Leda; engraved print by Madame de Pompadour of a drawing by Boucher, after an engraved gemstone by Guay c. 1755. Love at Peace in the Reign of Justice; engraved print by Madame de Pompadour of a drawing by Boucher, after an engraved gemstone by Guay c. 1755. Ao longo do caminho, ela foi flagrada por um banqueiro, Charles-Guillaume Le Normant d'Étiolles sobrinho de Charles Le Normam de Tournehem.[9]. [8] Cinco anos depois, Louise-Madeleine trouxe sua filha para casa e começou a ministrar-lhe um currículo totalmente diferente do que as boas irmãs ofereciam. Madame de Pompadour created 52 engraved prints, of drawings by Boucher, after gemstone engravings by Guay. I giorni che precedettero la morte di Madame de Pompadour, (15 Aprile 1764) non erano un granché anche per Madame du Deffand, che allora aveva 67 anni, alle prese con quello che considerava un tradimento della sua diletta nipote Madame de Lespinasse. Era considerada de uma classe socialmente superior a do marido e, segundo rumores, os irmãos Pâris combinaram seu casamento com Poisson para fornecer a Claude Le Blanc, secretário de Estado da guerra, acesso mais fácil a ela. [8] Tournehem arranged for Jeanne Antoinette to receive a private education at home with the best teachers of the day who taught her dancing, drawing, painting, engraving, theatre, the arts, and the ability to memorize entire plays. [37] Like Pompadour, this style was critiqued by some as a pernicious "feminine" influence, despite the fact that it was embraced by many men as well as women (Hyde, 456-458). Love; Engraved print by Madame de Pompadour of a drawing by Boucher, after an engraved gemstone by Guay c. 1755. "[46] Many of her enemies were, however, greatly relieved. [14] Though the King's current mistress, Madame de Châteauroux (Marie Anne de Mailly), had warned off Jeanne Antoinette, the position became vacant on 8 December 1744 when Châteauroux died. Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, Marquesa de Pompadour (Paris, 29 de dezembro de 1721 — Palácio de Versalhes, 15 de abril de 1764), mais conhecida como Madame de Pompadour,[1] ou simplesmente apelidada como Reinette ("rainhazinha" em francês),[2] foi uma cortesã francesa e amante do Rei Luís XV da França considerada uma das figuras francesas mais emblemáticas do século XVIII. I would not be so calm if I saw some pretty woman of the court or the capital trying to conquer it. Contra ou a favor da burguesa, agora enobrecida, Jeanne-Antoinette, foi apresentada à corte do dia 14 de dezembro, no salão Oiel-de-Boeuf. No decorrer do tempo em que Luis XV ficou sem uma amante, surgiram os primeiros boatos sobre seu romance com Jeanne-Antoinette. [19], Through her position as court favourite Pompadour wielded considerable power and influence; she was elevated on 12 October 1752, to duchess and in 1756 to lady-in-waiting to the queen, the most noble rank possible for a woman at court. After the Queen engaged Pompadour in conversation by enquiring after a mutual acquaintance, Madame de Saissac, Pompadour responded in delight, swearing her respect and loyalty to Marie Leszczyńska. The king purchased the marquisate of Pompadour on 24 June and gave the estate, with title and coat-of-arms, to Jeanne Antoinette, making her a Marquise. Esta página foi editada pela última vez às 17h25min de 17 de março de 2020. [9], Jeanne-Antoinette aprendeu o cravo, a dança e a oratória. Inicialmente, aos 11 anos de idade, Luís XV ficou noivo de uma infanta espanhola, mas a infanta acabou sendo mandada de volta para seu país. Henceforth she became known as “Reinette”, meaning "little queen", and was groomed to become the mistress of Louis XV. [39] Her collection of work, in book form, is called "Suite d'Estampes Gravées Par Madame la Marquise de Pompadour d'Apres les Pierres Gravées de Guay, Graveur du Roy"[42] which translates to in English as "Series of Prints engraved by Madame la Marquise de Pompadour after the engraved stones of Guay, engraver of the King". Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, marquise de Pompadour, duchesse de Menars, née le 29 décembre 1721 à Paris et morte le 15 avril 1764 à Versailles, est une dame de la bourgeoisie française devenue favorite de Louis XV, roi de France et de Navarre. Luis XV teve outras amantes, como por exemplo Louise-Julie, a condessa de Mailly. [5] Le Normant de Tournehem became her legal guardian when François Poisson was forced to leave the country in 1725 after a scandal over a series of unpaid debts, a crime at that time punishable by death. Love Presenting a Bouquet; engraved print by Madame de Pompadour of a drawing by Boucher, after an engraved gemstone by Guay c. 1755. Determined to make her place at court secure, Pompadour immediately attempted to forge a good relationship with the royal family. [35] Numerous sculptors and portrait painters were patronized by Pompadour, among them the court artist Jean-Marc Nattier, in the 1750s François Boucher, Jean-Baptiste Réveillon and François-Hubert Drouais. Under these changed alliances, the European powers entered the Seven Years' War, which saw France, Austria, and Russia pitted against Britain and Prussia. [5] On 14 September 1745, Madame de Pompadour made her formal entry before the King, presented by the king's cousin, the Princess of Conti. [27] The end of this sexual relationship was in part attributed to Pompadour's poor health, as she suffered the aftereffects of whooping cough, recurring colds and bronchitis, spitting blood, headaches, three miscarriages to the King, as well as an unconfirmed case of leucorrhoea. Madame de Pompadour persisted in her support of these policies, and when Cardinal de Bernis failed her, she brought Choiseul into office and supported and guided him in all his great plans: the Pacte de Famille, the suppression of the Jesuits and the Treaty of Paris (1763). [10], Luis XV foi fiel à sua esposa por 10 anos tendo, nesses 10 anos, 10 filhos com a rainha, mas nem todos sobreviveram à primeira infância. Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, a outrora Madame d'Etioles, seria apresentada à corte, mas para isso, era necessário antes de mais nada, que ela obtivesse um título de nobreza. As suspeitas mais pungentes recaíam sobre o Conde de Maurepas, ministro da Marinha, que tinha sido um de seus mais ferrenhos inimigos, sempre conspirando contra ela. Após o casamento, a jovem Jeanne-Antoinette ficou conhecida como Madame d'Etioles. Melissa Hyde has suggested that some of the artworks made under Pompadour's purview by other hands, notably the 1758 portrait by Boucher of Mme de Pompadour at Her Toilette, can be fruitfully viewed as collaborations with Pompadour. Hooper-Hamersley, The Hunt, 64 and Gere and Vaizey, Great Women Collectors, 46. For other uses, see, Christine Pevitt, Madame de Pompadour: mistress of France (New York: Grove Press, 2003), 8–9. Within these circles she learned the fine art of conversation and developed the sharp wit for which she would later become known at Versailles. [4][31], Despite misconceptions perpetuated by her contemporaries and much of historical discourse, Pompadour did not supplant her role as mistress by employing replacement lovers for the king. [9], Louise-Madeleine via na filha um reflexo de sua beleza e de sua vida. I was indebted to her and I mourn her out of gratitude. Mas a decisão de Luis XV já estava tomada. O tio Tonmehem tratava os filhos de Louise-Madeleine como se fossem seus. In 1762, Madame de Pompadour convinced Louis to construct the Petit Trianon, a luxurious mini château within Versailles that would serve as their love nest. Era inaceitável que Luis XV tomasse como amante uma mulher que, embora rica, bela e culta, viesse da burguesia. Additionally, Jeanne Antoinette created her own salon at Étiolles, which was attended by many of the cultural elite, among them were Crébillon fils, Montesquieu, the Cardinal de Bernis, and Voltaire. [9], At the age of nineteen, Jeanne Antoinette was married to Charles Guillaume Le Normant d'Étiolles, the nephew of her guardian, Charles Le Normant de Tournehem, who initiated the match and the large financial incentives that came with it. Only with great reluctance did Louis take punitive action against her known enemies, such as Louis François Armand du Plessis, duc de Richelieu. However it is also widely recognised that Madame de Pompadour engaged with prominent artists as a way to capture the attention of the king whilst cultivating her public image. ポンパドゥール夫人(仏: Madame de Pompadour )ことポンパドゥール侯爵夫人ジャンヌ=アントワネット・ポワソン(仏: Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, marquise de Pompadour, 1721年 12月29日 - 1764年 4月15日)は、ルイ15世の公妾。 In opposition to previous mistresses of Louis XV, Pompadour made herself invaluable to the King by becoming the only person whom Louis trusted and who could be counted on to tell him the truth. Love Sacrificing to Friendship; engraved print by Madame de Pompadour of a drawing by Boucher, after an engraved gemstone by Guay c. 1755. However, wanting to attract the King's notice, Jeanne Antoinette drove directly in front of the King's path, once in a pink phaeton, wearing a blue dress, and once in a blue phaeton, wearing a pink dress. In addition to supporting the arts as a patron, Pompadour also participated in them more directly. [23] In Diderot's first novel, Les bijoux indiscrets (The Indiscreet Jewels), the characters of Mangogul and Mirzoza are allegories of Louis XV and Pompadour respectively. Em março de 1741, com a idade de vinte anos, se casou com Monsieur Lenonnant. Questa morte le condizionò profondamente lo spirito, sempre teso e incerto sul suo presente accanto al re. [3] Art historian Melissa Hyde argues that the critics of Pompadour were driven by fears over the overturning of social and gender hierarchies that Pompadour's power and influence, as a woman who was not born into the aristocracy, represented. [18] On 7 May, the official separation between her and her husband was pronounced. Com a morte da duquesa, todos sabiam: estava livre a vaga de maîtresse déclarée (amante declarada). Apesar de terem deixado de ser amantes depois de 1750, eles continuaram amigos, e Luis XV foi dedicado a ela até sua morte em 1764 por tuberculose, na idade de quarenta e dois anos. She collected influential books such as the History of the Stuarts, printed in 1760 with her own printing press which can be determined through the stamp markings of her arms located on the cover. François prosperou e a família mudou-se para uma casa grande e bem-equipada na rue Saint-Marc. Parece absurdo que, enquanto um velho burocrata, dificilmente capaz de caminhar, deve ainda estar vivo,.. uma mulher bonita, no meio de uma esplêndida carreira, deveria morrer na idade de quarenta e dois. Tendo ele mesmo cuidado do futuro financeiro do sobrinho, tornando-o sócio minoritário em várias pequenas empresas coletoras de impostos, e em 15 de dezembro de 1740 Tournehem deserdou todos os outros parentes, fazendo deste único sobrinho seu herdeiro absoluto. Before all of court and the royal family, Louis unmasked himself before Jeanne Antoinette, who was dressed as Diana the Huntress, in reference to their encounter in the forest of Sénart. [34] She championed French pride by constructing and later outright buying a porcelain factory at Sèvres in 1759, which became one of the most famous porcelain manufacturers in Europe, and which provided skilled jobs for the region. It was not, as often described, a harem; it was occupied by only one woman at a time. Mesmo seus inimigos admiravam sua coragem durante as dolorosas semanas finais. However, her mother died on Christmas Day of the same year, and did not live to see her daughter's achievement of becoming the undisputed royal mistress. Devastado pela morte de sua segunda amante, Luis deixou a corte por um mês. Ela e sua mãe conversaram abertamente sobre como colocá-la no lugar apropriado para chamar a atenção do rei, para escalar "o Olimpo de Versalhes". It is suspected that her biological father was either the rich financier Jean Pâris de Monmartel or the tax collector (fermier général) Charles François Paul Le Normant de Tournehem. [6], Oportunidades de ter lucros enormes sempre existiram para os responsáveis pelo suprimento do exército. Because she occupied an estate near this location she was permitted to follow the royal party at a distance. Los Angeles County Museum of Art", Occupation of Saint-Nizier church by Lyon prostitutes, Parisian Women in Algerian Costume (The Harem), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Madame_de_Pompadour&oldid=987504872, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox noble with unknown parameters, Wikipedia articles with KULTURNAV identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TePapa identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Diderot portrayed Pompadour in a flattering light, most likely to ensure her support for Encyclopedie. [43], Some art historians argue whether or not she should be considered a collaborator with the artists under her patronage, since there is no documentation of how much Pompadour might have contributed to the works; whose idea, and whose composition, will remain a mystery.[44]. [12] Toda a sociedade começou a comentar sobre as suspeitas de envenenamento. Besides being one of the few 18th-century practitioners of gem engraving, she was an acclaimed stage actress in plays staged at her private theaters at Versailles and Bellevue (Hyde, 463-4). [24] Pompadour had a copy of Les bijoux indiscrets in her library, which may explain why the crown did not pursue Diderot for such an indiscretion against the king.[25]. France suffered a defeat at the hands of the Prussians in the Battle of Rossbach in 1757, and eventually lost her American colonies to the British. Louis XV remained devoted to Pompadour until her death from tuberculosis in 1764 at the age of forty-two. She secured titles of nobility for herself and her relatives, and built a network of clients and supporters. ), At age 5 Jeanne Antoinette was sent to receive the finest quality education of the day in an Ursuline convent in Poissy, where she gained admiration for her wit and charm. Isto até 1719 quando foi transferido para o front na guerra da Quádrupla Aliança. Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, Marquesa de Pompadour (Paris, 29 de dezembro de 1721 — Palácio de Versalhes, 15 de abril de 1764), mais conhecida como Madame de Pompadour, [1] ou simplesmente apelidada como Reinette (" Quando Maria Leczynska se casou com Luis, estava ela com 22 anos e o rei com 15. [4], Jeanne Antoinette Poisson was born on 29 December 1721 in Paris to François Poisson (1684–1754) and his wife Madeleine de La Motte (1699–1745). Britain's victories in the war had allowed it to surpass France as the leading colonial power — something which was commonly blamed on Pompadour. All these little girls with no education will not take it from me. Nel 1754 Madame de Pompadour perse la figlia Alexandrine ancora bambina. [1], Pompadour took charge of the king's schedule and was a valued aide and advisor, despite her frail health and many political enemies. [6], Charles Le Normam de Tournehem, um rico solteirão e mecenas, assumiu a guarda de Madame Poisson e sua família. But Madame de Pompadour supported great ministers like Bertin and Machaut who introduced important fiscal and economic reforms (trade, infrastructure, income taxes) which made France the richest nation in the world. É praticamente impossível dizer exatamente como, quando e onde Madame d'Etioles e Luis XV se conheceram, mais difícil ainda seria definir a data de quando eles se tornaram amantes; muitas possibilidades são consideradas por muitos autores de biografias da lendária amante de Luis XV. https://pt.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Madame_de_Pompadour&oldid=57835992, !Artigos que carecem de notas de rodapé desde setembro de 2019, !Artigos que carecem de notas de rodapé sem indicação de tema, !Artigos em tradução sem indicação de tema, Atribuição-CompartilhaIgual 3.0 Não Adaptada (CC BY-SA 3.0) da Creative Commons. Voltaire escreveu: "Estou muito triste com a morte de Madame de Pompadour - estava em dívida com ela e eu lamento-a além da gratidão. [13] In 1744, Jeanne Antoinette sought to catch the eye of the King while he led the hunt in the forest of Sénart. [26], Around 1750 Madame de Pompadour's role as friend of the King became her solitary role, as she ceased her sexual relationship with the King. Olhando para a chuva durante a partida do caixão de sua amante de Versalhes, o Rei teria dito: "La marquise n'aura pas de beau temps pour son voyage" ("A marquesa não terá tempo bom para sua viagem"). [10] The couple had a son who died in infancy and a daughter, Alexandrine Le Normant d'Étiolles, born in 1744, who died at the age of nine. (He was cleared eight years later and allowed to return to France. Pompadour's announcement was most prominently declared through her commission from Jean Baptiste Pigalle, of a sculpture representing herself as Amitié [friendship], offering herself to a now lost pendant sculpture of Louis XV. [30] Pompadour also had a related sculpture depicted in a portrait of herself painted by François Boucher in 1759. [5] To be presented at court, she required a title. Madame de Pompadour has been depicted on screen in film and television on many occasions, beginning in 1924 with Paulette Duval opposite Rudolph Valentino in Monsieur Beaucaire. [7] During this time her mother took her to a fortuneteller, Madame de Lebon, who predicted that the girl would one day reign over the heart of a King. Apesar de sua falta de educação formal e da falta de maneiras, François tinha um talento nato para resolver as situações mais delicadas - qualidades que logo o tornaram indispensável para seus empregadores. Jeanne Antoinette Poisson, Marquise of Pompadour (/ˈpɒmpədʊər/, French: [pɔ̃paduʁ] (listen); 29 December 1721 – 15 April 1764), commonly known as Madame de Pompadour, was a member of the French court. [6] Due to poor health, thought to be whooping cough, Jeanne Antoinette returned home in January 1730 at age 9. Enquanto François estava no fronte Louise-Madeleine passou a compartilhar da companhia de vários homens, na maioria nobres. Havia chegado a hora e a vez de Madame d'Etioles.[12]. [45] Louis nursed her through her illness. Existem fatos que indicam que Monsieur de Tournehem viesse considerando essa união já há um certo tempo. She attained this influence through the appointment of her guardian Charles François Paul Le Normant de Tournehem, and later her brother, Abel Poisson in the post of Directeur Général des Bâtiments, which controlled government policy and expenditures for the arts. Madame de Pompadour was able to wield such influence at court due to the invaluable role she played as a friend and confidant of the King. Unfortunately, Pompadour passed away before construction could be Her importance was such that she was approached in 1755 by Wenzel Anton, Prince of Kaunitz-Rietberg, a prominent Austrian diplomat, asking her to intervene in the negotiations which led to the Treaty of Versailles. [5][6], Acredita-se que o verdadeiro pai de Jeanne-Antoinette, fosse Pâris de Montmartel que se tornou seu padrinho de batismo e que conhecia muito bem Madame Poisson, antes dela se casar. [7], François conheceu os irmão Pâris quando atuava como almoxarife do setor de suprimentos do regimento de Due de Villars, depois disso François foi requisitado por sua integridade e ação imediata na organização dos suprimentos necessários quando ocorreu a peste na Provença. Todos sabiam que o Monarca não ficaria muito tempo sem uma amante. ポンパドゥール夫人(仏: Madame de Pompadour)ことポンパドゥール侯爵夫人ジャンヌ=アントワネット・ポワソン(仏: Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, marquise de Pompadour, 1721年12月29日 - 1764年4月15日)は、ルイ15世の公妾。, 公妾たるその立場を利用してフランスの政治に強く干渉し、七年戦争ではオーストリア・ロシアの2人の女帝と組んでプロイセン・イギリスと対抗した。, 1721年パリ(現在のパリ2区界隈)の銀行家の娘として生まれる。平民という身分ながらブルジョワ階級の娘として、ポワシーで貴族の子女以上の教育を受けて育つ。成績は非常に優秀であった。1741年に徴税請負人のシャルル=ギヨーム・ル・ノルマン・デティオールと結婚。タンサン夫人[注 1]やジョフラン夫人[注 2]の超一流サロンに出入りするようになり、ヴォルテールやフォントネルら一流の文化人と知り合った。1744年にはその美貌がシャトールー公爵夫人の死に打ちひしがれていたルイ15世の目に留まった。彼女はポンパドゥール侯爵夫人の称号を与えられて夫と別居し、1745年9月14日正式に公妾として認められた。, フランス国王の公式の愛妾となったポンパドゥール夫人は、湯水のように金を使って、あちこちに邸宅を建てさせ(現大統領官邸エリゼ宮は彼女の邸宅のひとつ)、やがて政治に関心の薄いルイ15世に代わって権勢を振るうようになる。ポンパドゥール夫人に推されて1758年に外務大臣となったリベラル派のエティエンヌ・フランソワ・ド・ショワズールは戦争大臣なども兼務し、およそ10年にわたって事実上の宰相となった。フランスの重農学派フランソワ・ケネーも彼女の主治医であった。ベッドの上でフランスの政治を牛耳った「影の実力者」といえる。ポンパドゥール夫人の有名な言葉は「私の時代が来た」。, 1756年には、オーストリアのマリア・テレジア、ロシアのエリザヴェータと通じ反プロイセン包囲網を結成した。これは「3枚のペチコート作戦」と呼ばれる。特に宿敵オーストリアとの和解は外交革命と言われるほど画期的であり、和解のために後年マリー・アントワネットがフランス王室に嫁ぐこととなる。, ポンパドゥール夫人は美貌ばかりでなく学芸的な才能に恵まれ、サロンを開いてヴォルテールやディドロなどの啓蒙思想家と親交を結んだ。また芸術の熱心な愛好家、パトロンでもあり、様々な芸術家とも交流した。ポンパドゥール夫人の時代はフランスを中心に優雅なロココ様式の発達した時代になった。, 30歳を越えたころからルイ15世と寝室を共にすることはなくなったが、代わりに自分の息のかかった女性を紹介した。ルイ15世はポンパドゥール夫人が42歳でヴェルサイユで亡くなるまで寵愛し続けたという。鹿の園を建ててルイ15世好みの女を住まわせたというが、いわゆるハーレムのようなものではなかったという。, 現代では、ポンパドールは男性の前髪を高くしたスタイル(リーゼントと呼ぶのは間違いであり、これは側頭部から後頭部の髪形を指す)及び女性の髪形のひとつで、前髪を大きく膨らませて高い位置でまとめ、ピンやバレッタなどで留めたヘアスタイルである。襟足もあげて、後頭部でまとめるのが正式なスタイルといわれる。当時の貴族の女性はこぞってポンパドゥール夫人のファッションを真似、その髪型をポンパドゥールと呼ぶようになった。, Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, marquise de Pompadour, https://ja.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=ポンパドゥール夫人&oldid=79594015, 『ポンパドゥール夫人‐ルイ15世を支配した女‐』 - 映像文学全集シリーズDVD発売元(.

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