santa monica city

The groundwater supply plays an important role in the city's Sustainable Water Master Plan, whereby Santa Monica has set a goal of attaining 100% water independence by 2020. On June 7, 2013, a killing spree occurred in several locations at or near the campus of Santa Monica College. Every two years, after each election, the City Council selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another to serve as Mayor Pro Tempore. It too burned within the year.[5]. There has never been any snow or frost, but there has been hail. Third Street is closed to vehicles for those three blocks to allow people to stroll, congregate, shop and enjoy street performers. The project, now under construction, is made possible by a generous gift from the Annenberg Foundation, at the recommendation of Wallis Annenberg, and in partnership with the City of Santa Monica and California State Parks. Santa Monica is home to the headquarters of many notable businesses, such as Beachbody, Fatburger,[62] Hulu, Illumination Entertainment, Lionsgate Films,[63] Macerich, Miramax, the RAND Corporation, Saban Capital Group, The Recording Academy (which presents the annual Grammy Awards), TOMS Shoes,[64] and Universal Music Group. Bandini was the daughter of Juan Bandini, a prominent and wealthy early Californian, and was the widow of Abel Stearns, once the richest man in Los Angeles. In contrast, temperatures exceeding 10 degrees below average are rare. Hate crime levels returned to their minimal 2000 levels by 2002. The park includes an overlook, amphitheater, playground, garden, fountains, picnic areas, and restrooms. Water taxis ferried patrons from Santa Monica and Venice. Named after the Christian saint Monica, there are two different accounts of how the city's name came to be. The name for the springs has since reverted to Kuruvungna ("the place where we are in the sun"), which is what the Tongva People have called them all along. Hotels and office building owners went bankrupt. To maintain supply to customers Santa Monica was forced to purchase water from the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California (MWD) at a cost of over $1.1 million per year. The median age was 39 years. The main Post Office and Barnum Hall (Santa Monica High School auditorium) were also among other WPA projects. The main character from Edgar Rice Burroughs' fantasy novel, The Land That Time Forgot (serialized in 1918 and published in book form in 1924) was a shipbuilder from Santa Monica. It has largely remained the controlling political organization since then. The Santa Monica-Malibu Unified School District provides public education at the elementary and secondary levels. Amusement piers became enormously popular in the first decades of the 20th century. A new charter was adopted in 1906 that converted the city government to a Mayor – Council form of government. The Synanon drug rehabilitation cult moved into the old National Guard building in 1959 and added their strange presence to the area. The Santa Monica City Council is made up of seven members elected at-large for staggered four-year terms. At the northern end of Main Street adjacent to the still-declining Santa Monica Mall, a city block was levelled in 1980 to build a new mall, Santa Monica Place, designed by architect Frank Gehry. The 2010 U.S. Census population was 89,736. He built a plant in 1922 at Clover Field (Santa Monica Airport), which was in use for 46 years. In the 1930s, corruption infected Santa Monica (along with neighboring Los Angeles). In a more modest show of entrepreneurship, Merle Norman founded her cosmetic business, Merle Norman Cosmetics in 1931 by making creams and cosmetics on her kitchen stove. The city is also home to the California Heritage Museum and the Angels Attic dollhouse and toy museum. Each has its own unique feel and personality. The 86-year-old driver killed 10 that day and injured 63, stopping only due to the Buick's engine and transmission being clogged with body parts. Tennessee Williams lived (while working at MGM Studios) in a hotel on Ocean Avenue in the 1940s. These include: Recently, Santa Monica has emerged as the center of the Los Angeles region called Silicon Beach, and serves as the home of hundreds of venture capital funded startup companies. 13.44% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There is very little rain during the rest of the year. Santa Monica will host beach volleyball and surfing.[78]. (2004), Grand Theft Auto San Andreas (2004) as a fictional district – Santa Maria Beach, Vampire: The Masquerade – Bloodlines (2004), L.A. As with other lavish Hearst/Morgan projects it contained entire rooms removed from antique European buildings. The Truth About Cats & Dogs (1996) is set entirely in Santa Monica, particularly the Palisades Park area, and features a radio station that resembles KCRW at Santa Monica College. 30,067 people (33.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 57,543 people (64.1%) lived in rental housing units. The property was farmed by her sons, and a parcel of 100 acres (0.40 km2) was sold to Williamson Dunn Vawter for subdivision in 1884. More recent residents of Santa Monica Canyon have included Christopher Isherwood, Don Bachardy, Jane Fonda, and Tom Hayden (the last two who previously lived in Ocean Park). McCabe's Guitar Shop is a leading acoustic performance space as well as retail outlet. After that they held a small presents until shut down in 1991. One report gives citywide employment in 1933 of just 1,000. By 1885, the town's first hotel was the Santa Monica Hotel.[16]. A new charter was adopted in 1914 that converted the city government to a commission form. The rainy season is from late October through late March. Adjacent to Pacific Ocean Park was the rock and roll club, The Cheetah, which featured early One well had a concentration of 600 parts per billion, while another rose from 14 parts per billion to 490 parts per billion within a year. The pier itself had dilapidated bars, an odd plaster statue store, and creepy game arcades. [79], Santa Monica is governed by the Santa Monica City Council, a Council-Manager governing body with seven members elected at-large. The Sepulveda family sold 38,409 acres (155 km2) of Rancho San Vicente y Santa Monica for $54,000 in 1872 to Colonel Robert S. Baker and his wife, Arcadia Bandini de Stearns Baker. The first lots in Santa Monica were sold on July 15, 1875. [37], The city is also in the process of implementing a 5-year and 20 year Bike Action Plan with a goal of attaining 14 to 35% bicycle transportation mode share by 2030 through the installation of enhanced bicycle infrastructure throughout the city. The Free-For-All Race was conducted between 1910 and 1912. The main rivals in these regions include Venice 13, Graveyard Gangster Crips, Hell's Bandidos and Venice Shoreline Crips gangs in the Oakwood area of Venice, California. For other uses, see, Location within the Los Angeles Metropolitan Area, Show map of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, Puig, Claudia. The plan did not last: San Pedro Bay, now known as the Port of Los Angeles, was selected by the United States Congress in 1897. It is Santa Monica's oldest extant structure. Hundreds of moving pictures have been shot or set in part within the city of Santa Monica.[125]. The Casa Del Mar returned to its former glory as a luxury hotel in 1999 after a reported $60 million renovation by the owners of the Shutters Hotel. Santa Monica College is a community college founded in 1929. [70], Former Santa Monica businesses include Douglas Aircraft (now merged with Boeing),[71] GeoCities (which in December 1996 was headquartered on the third floor of 1918 Main Street in Santa Monica[72]), Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer,[73] and MySpace (now headquartered in Beverly Hills).[74]. It was also used as a shooting location, most notably in the TV show Beverly Hills, 90210, in which it was the Beverly Hills Beach Club. Davies sold the property in 1945 for just $600,000 to a failed attempt at a hotel. Davies was a vivacious and popular hostess and Ocean House saw many grand parties of Hollywood celebrities. By 1919, the events were attracting 100,000 people, at which point the city halted them. Marcus is an active community leader, a member of Santa Monica 4 Democracy, ... City Council hopeful, Marcus Owens is devoted to making an impactful change in the world and ensuring equality for all. Santa Monica has two hospitals: Saint John's Health Center and Santa Monica-UCLA Medical Center. The Libertarian Party has increased its share of the vote in each of the last four presidential elections. Colorado Place, Water Garden, and other nearby office developments on the east side of town attracted MGM, Sony, Symantec, and other corporations. Investors gather to buy lots in the new "City on the Sea", 1875. Business started springing up. They are also resident orchestra of the Oxnard Performing Arts Center and the Thousand Oaks Civic Arts Plaza. The original townsite was bounded by Montana Avenue on the north, 26th Street on the east, Colorado Avenue on the south, & the Pacific Ocean on the west. Santa Monica also was booming in business at the time. The population increased from 15,000 to 32,000 at the end of the decade. The southern rim of the canyon is the oldest residential part of Santa Monica, while most of the canyon is in the City of Los Angeles. Senator Jones built a mansion, Miramar, and his wife Georgina planted a Moreton Bay Fig tree in its front yard in 1889. In the 1930s, corruption infected Santa Monica (along with neighboring Los Angeles). Advertisement for first land sale in Santa Monica, 1875. The Hotel burned in 1887. The average household size was 1.83 and the average family size was 2.80. The plant produced 600 million ballpoint pens in 1971 and closed in 2005. [33] That same year, the Santa Monica City Council adopted a Climate Action and Adaptation Plan aimed at achieving an 80% cut in carbon emissions by 2030, and reaching community-wide carbon neutrality by 2050 or sooner. His short story, "The Mattress by the Tomato Patch" (1954), was set near Santa Monica Beach and mentions the clock visible in much of the city, high up on The Broadway Building, on Broadway near Second Street. The 1994 Northridge earthquake caused the loss of many residences and historic buildings, particularly on the north side of the city. It has developed two plans, including the Metro Expo Line and Metro Purple Line both which would extend into Santa Monica. After state Attorney General Earl Warren got a court order to shut the ships down as a nuisance, the crew of the Rex initially fought off police by using water cannons and brandishing sub-machine guns. According to a 2009 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $71,095, and the median income for a family was $109,410. Within a couple of decades it was in severe decline. By continuing to use the site, you agree to our cookie policy. The entire facility was demolished and removed by 1977. [80], In the United States House of Representatives, Santa Monica is in California's 33rd congressional district, represented by Democrat Ted Lieu.[81]. The Santa Monica Pier is shown in many films, including They Shoot Horses, Don't They? The California EPA guidelines now call for no more than 35 parts per billion. There were 47,863 housing units at an average density of 5,794.0 per square mile (2,237.3/km2). The Pico neighborhood of Santa Monica (south of the Santa Monica Freeway) experiences some gang activity. Available on the City Clerk's page. In Buffy the Vampire Slayer, the main exterior set of the town of Sunnydale, including the infamous "sun sign", was in Santa Monica in a lot on Olympic Boulevard.[128][129]. Santa Monica City Highlights. Santa Monica is also home to the Santa Monica Rugby Club, a semi-professional team that competes in the Pacific Rugby Premiership, the highest-level rugby union club competition in the United States. The Douglas Company (later McDonnell Douglas) kept facilities in the city until the 1960s. The city has experienced a boom since the late 1980s through the revitalization of its downtown core, significant job growth and increased tourism. Hotels and office building owners went bankrupt. The population density was 10,178.7 inhabitants per square mile (3,930.4/km2). The city of Santa Monica is consistently among the most educated cities in the United States, with 23.8 percent of all residents holding graduate degrees.[46]. The area around the Davies mansion became known as the Gold Coast. Ed Kolpin, Jr., opened a small tobacco, pipe, and cigar store in Santa Monica, the Tinder Box, in 1928. [12][13] It reportedly had 20,000 paid subscription at the time of the closure. Jones built the Los Angeles and Independence Railroad, which connected Santa Monica and Los Angeles, and a wharf out into the bay. The New West Symphony is the resident orchestra of Barnum Hall. Beach volleyball is believed to have been developed in Santa Monica during this time. The first town hall was a modest 1873 brick building, later a beer hall, and now part of the Santa Monica Hostel. "'School of the Rising Sun' : Surroundings Are American but Classes, Traditions Are Strictly Japanese. [1][self-published source? Opened in 1912 and also known as the Mayfair Theatre, the theater, it has been closed since the 1994 Northridge earthquake. Joe Gold, who had sold his chain of Gold's Gyms years before, started the World Gym chain in 1977. [28] Eighty-two percent of the city's public works vehicles run on alternative fuels, including most of the municipal bus system, making it among the largest such fleets in the country. [14], MTBE, a major gasoline additive (10% by volume), was discovered in the city's water wells in August 1995. The Sears building was built in 1947 at the south end of the retail district and has retained architect Rowland Crawford's original late-Moderne styling. The city opened its Public Electronic Network (PEN) in 1989, providing citizens with a bulletin board system (BBS) to discuss local issues and access city services. The first town hall was an 1873 brick building, later a beer hall, and now part of the Santa Monica Hostel. Ultimately the work was completed and the pier remains the city's best-known landmark. Retails rents in the development area also quadrupled. [18], Donald Wills Douglas, Sr. built a plant in 1922 at Clover Field (Santa Monica Airport) for the Douglas Aircraft Company. [56] Several days later Juan Martin Campos, age 23, a Santa Monica city employee, was shot and killed. It became his first amusement park and residential project. Commercial flights are available for residents at LAX, a few miles south of Santa Monica. Tongva Park occupies 6 acres between Ocean Avenue and Main Street, just south of Colorado Avenue. Looking south across the bluffs, the Arcadia Hotel sits at the end of the pier, 1888. Santa Monica (Spanish for 'Saint Monica') is a beachfront city in western Los Angeles County, California, United States.Situated on Santa Monica Bay, it is bordered on three sides by different neighborhoods of the city of Los Angeles: Pacific Palisades to the north, Brentwood on the northeast, West Los Angeles on the east, Mar Vista on the southeast, and Venice on the south. The Main Street district offers an eclectic mix of clothing, restaurants, and other specialty retail. In 1983 major winter storms, part of the El Niño weather pattern, struck Santa Monica on January 27 and again on March 1. What is known for certain is that by the 1820s, the name Santa Monica was in use and the name's first official mention occurred in 1827 in the form of a grazing permit,[2] quickly followed by the grant filing for the Rancho Boca de Santa Monica in 1828. Like other inhabitants of the greater Los Angeles area, residents have a particular terminology for this phenomenon: the "May Gray", the "June Gloom" and even “Fogust”. Richard Rossi's biopic Aimee Semple McPherson opens and closes at the beach in Santa Monica. The films The T.A.M.I. Jones and Baker subdivided part of their joint holdings in 1875 and created the town of Santa Monica. The franchise business was sold in the 1970s, but Kolpin still owns and operates the original store as of 2003. [24] It is in USDA plant hardiness zone 10a. VCA Animal Hospitals is just outside the eastern city limit.[66]. In 2006, crime in Santa Monica affected 4.41% of the population, slightly lower than the national average crime rate that year of 4.48%. There are two different versions of the naming of the city. Nevada Senator John P. Jones bought a half interest in Baker's property in 1874. Douglas Fairbanks spent his last years living there. The Rex was a red flag to anti-gambling interests. Even though it's easy to explore on foot, however, Santa Monica also boasts one of the best public transportation systems in Southern California. ], The first non-indigenous group to set foot in the area was the party of explorer Gaspar de Portolà, who camped near the present day intersection of Barrington and Ohio Avenues on August 3, 1769. Police say the incident was in retaliation for a shooting committed by the Santa Monica 13 gang days before the Juarez brothers were gunned down.[61]. Around the start of the 20th century, a growing population of Asian Americans lived in and around Santa Monica and Venice. The plan includes a food waste composting program, which diverts 3 million pounds of restaurant food waste away from landfills annually. Currently, 77% of all solid waste produced citywide is diverted from landfills. [11] From 1961 to 1968 the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences held its annual Oscar awards ceremony there. [42], The 2010 United States Census[43] reported Santa Monica had a population of 89,736. The remaining property was sold to the State of California and leased as the private Sand and Sea Club. The line was built in 1875 as the steam-powered Los Angeles and Independence Railroad to bring mining ore to ships in Santa Monica harbor and as a passenger excursion train to the beach. In the 1870s, the Los Angeles and Independence Railroad connected Santa Monica with Los Angeles, and a wharf out into the bay. Drivers would race an 8.4-mile loop made up of city streets. The city waters engineers had to research the hazard and they raised the alarm. Due in part to the placement of publicly available terminals in libraries, homeless persons and their issues received considerable attention on PEN. The City of Santa Monica has purchased the first ZeroTruck all-electric medium-duty truck. [96] Local bicycle advocacy organizations include Santa Monica Spoke, a local chapter of the Los Angeles County Bicycle Coalition. By the 1980s it had become a blight. Japanese fishing village at the end of the Long Wharf, 1900. Santa Monica (Spanish for 'Saint Monica') is a beachfront city in western Los Angeles County, California, United States. [57] Less than twenty-four hours later, Javier Cruz was wounded in a drive-by shooting outside his home on 17th and Michigan. The Great Depression hit Santa Monica deeply. The federal Works Project Administration helped build several buildings, most notably City Hall. Design and construction on the 6.6-mile extension (10.6 km) of the Expo Line from Culver City to Santa Monica started in September 2011, with service beginning on May 20, 2016. A strict rent control ordinance passed in 1979 and SMRR achieved a council majority in 1981. They then ran outside to a getaway vehicle driven by a third Culver City gang member, who is now also in custody. It occupies 35 acres (14 hectares) and enrolls 30,000 students annually. The city of Santa Monica rests on a mostly flat slope that angles down towards Ocean Avenue and towards the south. Ocean Park resident Jane Fonda opened a small aerobics studio on Main Street. Sensei James Field opened his dojo in 1974, which became one of the primary Shotokan karate schools in the US and is now called the Japan Karate Association (JKA) Santa Monica. Douglas's business grew astronomically with the onset of World War II, employing as many as 44,000 people in 1943. The Santa Monica Freeway between Santa Monica and downtown Los Angeles has the distinction of being one of the busiest highways in all of North America. The Ocean Park Pier burned down in 1912. As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 84,084 people, 44,497 households, and 16,775 families in the city. Later it moved to its current location in 1948 where it began serving the many Hollywood celebrities living nearby. In all, 100 buildings were condemned outright, including 3,100 apartment units, while far more suffered repairable damage. After traversing the Greater Los Angeles area, I-10 crosses seven more states, terminating at Jacksonville, Florida. Santa Monica Metro stations include 26th Street/Bergamot, 17th Street/Santa Monica College, and Downtown Santa Monica. The city owns and operates a general aviation airport, Santa Monica Airport, which has been the site of several important aviation achievements. [8] Beginning in 1928, gambling ships started anchoring in Santa Monica Bay just beyond the 3-mile (5.6 km) limit. US government sovereignty in California began on February 2, 1848. [29], Santa Monica adopted a Community Energy Independence Initiative, with a goal of achieving complete energy independence by 2020 (vs. California's already ambitious 33% renewables goal). During the 2000s, LA Metro has developed plans to return rail transit to Santa Monica, which was gone after the dismantling of the Pacific Electric Railway during the 1960s. Its owner, Anthony Cornero, went on to build the Stardust casino in Las Vegas, Nevada. [95] The city is traversed by the Marvin Braude Bike Trail. However, the Santa Monica Police Department has suggested the actual per-capita crime rate is much lower, as tourists, workers, and beachgoers can increase the city's daytime population to between 250,000 and 450,000 people. Santa Monica usually enjoys cool breezes blowing in from the ocean, which tend to keep the air fresh and clean. Conn's Ocean Park Community Organization (OPCO) was formed in 1979 as an adjunct to the Church in Ocean Park, partly in reaction to the rapid pace of change along Main Street. It was capable of holding 10,000 dancers in its over 15,000 square foot (1,400 m2) area. Since the late 1980s the auditorium has been more popular for trade conventions than performances. Competing pier owners commissioned ever larger roller coaster rides. The DC-3, which first flew from Clover Field, was a terrifically successful airliner that transformed the air transportation business and brought needed jobs to the city. The state of California enacted a law, effective January 1, 1999, that overrode Santa Monica's rent control ordinance by mandating vacancy decontrol.

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