goals of english language teaching in the philippines

The Goals of Language Teaching Nouf Aljohani . In any level of education, language has a vital role in the curriculum. Nolasco, R., Datar, F., & Azurin, A. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Duran, et al. English, on the other hand is allocated to science, mathematics and technology subjects aims at the achievement of competence in both Filipino and English at the national level, through the teaching of both languages and their use as media of instruction at all levels. The chapter is divided into five major parts, namely, (1) overview of the Philippine educational system; (2) ELE from the American colonial period to Martial Law; (3) Bilingual education and educational reforms from 1974 to 2010; (4) Mother-tongue based multilingual education (MTBMLE) and the K to 12 reform; and (5) prospects and possibilities for ELE in the Philippines. Sibayan, B. Students learn with a situation that they may encounter in their real life. Instead of uniting our people it created an elite class of English-speaking pro-American leaders from select families that traditionally ruled over the country. UNESCO-Philippine Educational Foundation. Misplaced emphasis on English. Retrieved from, Bureau of Public Schools. %���� This will lead to a brief analysis of the recurring themes in stream <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> The principal aim of Spain in the Philippines during their regime was to make the native Filipinos obedient and God-fearing Christians. Part of Springer Nature. With this bill, the Philippines will adopt a K-12 cycle to ensure that students are prepared to go to university by the time of graduation from grade 12. BPO revenues to overtake OFW remittances in 2017-IT expert. Dekker, G., & Dekker, D. (2008, February 2). As the lead UN development agency, UNDP is well-placed to help implement the Goals through our work in some 170 countries and territories. Waters, A., & Vilches, M. L. C. (2008). Abstract— The research will be focusing on the goals of language teaching and learning. Articles cover topics from English grammar, spelling and punctuation, through to language teaching, career development, specialisations, and ideas and suggestions for the classroom. (1996). (1953). Report of the general superintendent for education for the Philippine Islands for the period September 1, 1902 to September 30, 1903. Espina, M. (2015, June 27). ELE policies have been beset with issues of alignment and coherence in the areas of curriculum and assessment, as well as challenges in the implementation of genuine reform. ), Bautista, M. C., Bernardo, A., & Ocampo, D. (2008/2009). COURSE LEARNING OUTCOMES: 1. Define what a curriculum is and its role in Philippine basic education. Project-based, task-based learning activities shall be considered. Such revamp involves a review of the effectiveness of English language education (ELE) in the country, which may be described as currently at a crossroads, as stakeholders strive to address issues of developing the English language competencies of Filipino students on the one hand, and the strengthening of academic achievement on the other. (Liu, 2003; Rivers, 1978). With the coming of Spain, the European system of education was introduced to the archipelago. As an English as a Second Language (ESL) teacher, you must learn to constantly adapt to your students' needs. Joint statement. Goals of language teaching can be divided into external goals that relate to actual second language (L2) use outside the classroom and internal goals that relate to the educational aims of the classroom itself. Colonial education and the shaping of Philippine literature in English. Standard-based assessment and grading in K to 12 education in the Philippines. <> Tayao, L. (2005). Abstract. The Philippines is using a bilingual medium of instruction. Hodal, K. (2012, September 18). endobj Wiley Online Library Lucía Loureiro-Porto, Grammaticalization of semi-modals of necessity in Asian Englishes, English World-WideEnglish World-Wide. This chapter provides an overview of how ELE in the Philippines is evolving – learning from past mistakes and preparing for the future. In this paper I will present a brief historical background of the educational systems in the Philippines and the language policies from the time of the Spanish Colonization to the present. (1990). Martin, I. P. (2008). 4 0 obj Gonzalez, A. Intawong, P., & Lertromyanant, W. (n.d.). Retrieved from. DepEd Discussion Paper. English training targets ASEAN’s link language. In. <> An outline: The national language and the language of instruction. ���CB] ��H�¢a(��"���PZdL�j��k��u"Jζ�G�]�K5s�C�N���I�v�|�y��|��-���ގ9��ʩ�c2S�X�2J�$l���J���I!KʡU���Wh�m��T�����ݢ�n��v{�f��|�U�ZhZ8_w��u�[����a| In M. L. Bautista (Ed. 25, s. 1974. Filipino and English shall be taught as language subjects in all levels to achieve the goals of bilingual competence. Bautista, M. B. Yvonne Pedria Velasco, The Kachruvian connection and English language teaching in the Philippines, World Englishes, 10.1111/weng.12374, 38, 1-2, (294-302), (2019). A youthful populace helps make the Philippines an economic bright spot in Asia. Education became a very important issue for the United States colonial government, since it allowed it to spread their cultural values, particularly the English language, to the Filipino people. Articles about learning, using and teaching the English language, including advice, tutorials, opinions and lesson plans from various authors and contributors. ELE in the Philippines, which began during the American colonial period in the nineteenth century, has been found wanting in significantly contributing to increased learning outcomes among Filipino students. Gonzalez, A. Research in world Englishes (WE) and English as a Lingua Franca (ELF) have long been promoting what Pakir describes as ‘common working axioms’ (2009: 228) which uphold the pluricentricity of English: the existence of varieties, the acceptance of The language planning situation in the Philippines. It is the only English-speaking archipelago in Southeast Asia with a majority of people following the Catholic religion. These 6 years represent a child’s primary school education. The use of English has plagued Philippine education, which is a controversial issue until today, the economic field Filipinos believe that proficiency in global language can give positive effects on economic goals. The K to 12 Program covers Kindergarten and 12 years of basic education (six years of primary education, four years of Junior High School, and two years of Senior High School [SHS]) to provide sufficient time for mastery of concepts and skills, develop lifelong learners, and prepare graduates for tertiary education, middle-level skills development, employment, and entrepreneurship. Dekker, D. (2010). Instruction in English language, and American history, lead to forming of a national identity and Filipino nationalism. Facility in the first language (L 1) strengthens and supports the learning of other languages (L 2). Many refused to consider how the concept of English as an international language might fit into course materials and language teaching. Explain the bases of the Philippine basic education curriculum. Filipino and English shall be used as media of instruction, the use allocated to specific subjects in the curriculum as indicated in the Department Order No. Cite as. In M. L. S. Bautista & G. Tan (Eds.). 2.1 Goal of Language Teaching and Learning It is important for teachers and learners to understand the goal of language teaching and learning, as well as how to achieve it. The K-12 Language Arts and Multiliteracies Curriculum is anchored on the following language acquisition, learning, teaching and assessing principles. Today’s complex challenges—from stemming the spread of disease to preventing conflict—cannot be tackled neatly in isolation. �G�����P[Z�I���5�. In addition, ELE has been implemented at the expense of literacy in the mother tongues. Plata, S. (2007). Such revamp involves a review of the effectiveness of English language education (ELE) in the country, which may be described as currently at a crossroads, as stakeholders strive to address issues of developing the English language competencies of Filipino students on the one hand, and the strengthening of academic achievement on the other. The national language of Philippine is English next to Filipino and its uniqueness has a great impact on its education system. The second main component of the bill addresses the linguistic discrimination that occurs in emphasizing English education, by implementing Mother Tongue Based, Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE). In M. A. K. Halliday, J. Gibbons, & H. Nicholas (Eds.). In D. T. Dayag & J. S. Quakenbush (Eds.). Teaching English as a foreign language is a challenging, yet rewarding career choice. Mother Tongue- Based Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE) One of the changes in Basic Education Curriculum brought about by the new K-12 program is the introduction of Mother Tongue- Based Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE) specifically in Kindergarten, Grades 1, 2 and 3 to support the goal of “ Every Child- A- Reader and A –Writer” by Grade 1.” Use of content in the structures of English and Children’s Literature in English will be included. (1954). For this reason, religion was a compulsory subject at all levels – from the primary schools to the universities. (1998). Plata, S. (2010). The ‘first language’ bridge to Filipino. It was used to replace the earlier structural method, called Situational Language Teaching (Orwig, 1999). Not logged in Factors affecting ELT reforms: The case of the Philippines basic education curriculum. When reforms don’t transform: reflections on institutional reforms in the Department of Education. We support countries in achieving the SDGs through integrated solutions. (1999). The goal is to help him acquire knowledge, skills and morals. Consequently, language policies for Philippines‘ schools have fluctuated greatly over the %PDF-1.5 Objectives • Be familiarized with the Curricular Framework in teaching English in the K to 12 • Plan students activities integrating language skills found in the English Language curriculum guide 4. the issue of language policy in education. Martin, I. P. (2005). According to an Educational Testing Service (ETS) ranking based on TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) scores for 2010, the Philippines ranked 35th out of 163 countries world wide. tertiary education. The Philippines was colonized by the Spaniards for more than three centuries. 3 0 obj Communicative language teaching began in Britain in the 1960s. Standards and assessment in the 2010 English curriculum for high school: A Philippine case study. Learn about the methods of teaching English as a second. Many times, this means dealing with a variety of problems in the classroom, many of which are all too common occurrences. Technologically speaking, the present education gives comprehensive articulation of thoughts to survive from this global challenge. This is a preview of subscription content, 8th ASEAN Education Ministers Meeting. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, English Language Education Policy in Asia It is pointed out that the goal of language teaching is to develop learners’ communicative competence. Philippine bilingual education revisited. Whaley, F. (2012, August 27). A postscript to teacher education. (2014). (1999). What is mother-tongue based multilingual education? pp 245-264 | Education became a very important issue for the United States colonial government, since it allowed it to spread their cultural values, particularly the English language, to the Filipino people. x����j�@�� ~���B��كV*!q�4�6�U酓8��#�8.�O�Y9�QYO�d�v��vVpp ���'`����dNj���-,�C?gJmDSkz�H�_E��L'���|:�V������)A��b�f|3�?ز�U=�?�@*�Aq��:� ���k$0o4� %��P��@� The process of education therefore, involves different activities on the part of the parents, teachers, the community, the government and the child. High School in the Philippines Although English was the sole language of instruction in the Philippines form 1935 to 1987, the new constitution prescribed that both Pilipino (Tagalog) and English are the official language of instruction and communication. endobj Retrieved February 5, 2015 from. Gonzalez, A. Retrieved from. Plata, S. (2013). 2 0 obj By constitutional mandate, the public educational programs are financially supported by the national government. Walter, S. & Dekker, D. (2008). 211.14.175.20. ASEAN Framework of Reference for English Proficiency, Mother-Tongue Based Multilingual Education, Presidential Commission for Educational Reform, Presidential Commission to Survey Philippine Education, Technical Education and Skills Development Authority, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. ƍ��Sb With more than 7000 islands and 181 distinct languages (Lewis, Simons, & Fennig, 2013), the Philippines offers a challenging environment for implementing a language policy that can serve the whole country. Free public school system was established during the first decade of American rule. <>>> These components of education are essential to the making of the educated person. (Eds.). endobj In M. L. S. Bautista & G. Tan (Eds.). All languages are interrelated and interdependent. The goal of communicative language teaching is to teach real-life communication skills. Conflicts and implications in Philippine education: Implications for ELT. The American colonizers established English as the language of instruction in public schools and taught American history and values in schools and communities. Education in the Philippines is provided by public and private schools, colleges, universities, and technical and vocational institutions in the country. Not affiliated Th… The only other Asian countries to score higher than the Philippines were Singapore (ranked 3rd in the world with a score of 98), and India (19th with a score of 92). fluency in the English language in listening, reading, writing, speaking, and viewing. (2010, October 5). Question • How is the teaching of English different in the K to 12 as compared in the previous curriculum (RBEC)? Difficult tasks in teaching Filipino children in two or three languages: Some suggested solutions. The Bilingual Language Policy in the country's education system seeks to attain Filipino and English competence at a national level through their use as media of instruction at all levels. the maintenance of English as an international language for the Philippines and as a non-exclusive language of science and technology. Exploring assessment reform policy and implementation in Philippine public schools. Thomas, D. (2013, January 31). Discuss the goals and critical tasks of the EFA 2015 Plan of Action. The integration of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in 2015, as well as the United Nation’s call for Education for All (EFA) by 2015, has pushed the Philippine government to revamp the country’s educational system. Discuss the forerunners of the present basic education curriculum. Philippine is the world’s second-largest archipelago which consists of more than 7,000 islands. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016, English Language Education Policy in Asia, http://www.asean.org/images/Statement/2014/Sept/JS%208th%20ASED%20Adopted%2011%20Sept.pdf, http://hdn.org.ph/wp-content/uploads/2009/05/dp02_bautista_etal.pdf, http://depedqc.ph/announcements/2013-NAT-GUIDELINES/2013%20NAT%20Overview%20-%20QC.pdf, http://ceap.org.ph/upload/download/201210/17115829500_1.pdf, http://www-01.sil.org/asia/ldc/parallel_papers/dumatog_and_dekker.pdf, http://www.rappler.com/business/industries/174-outsourcing/97586-bpo-revenues-overtake-ofw-remittances, http://www-01.sil.org/asia/ldc/plenary_papers/andrew_gonzales.pdf, http://www.theguardian.com/education/2012/sep/18/asean-boosts-english, http://monitor.icef.com/2013/05/opportunities-await-foreign-educational-providers-as-thailand-prepares-for-asean-community/, http://www.slideshare.net/hestiaryani/english-preparation-for-asean?from_search=9, http://sentrofilipino.upd.edu.ph/bahay/download/licuanan.pdf, http://www.philstar.com/business/2013/02/16/909244/21.391-b-2012-ofw-inflows-hit-new-high, http://www.asean.org/resources/2012-02-10-08-47-56/speeches-statements-of-the-secretary-general-of-asean/item/keynote-address-by-he-le-luong-minh-secretary-general-of-asean-at-the-british-council-conference-on-educating-the-next-generation-of-workforce-asean-perspectives-on-innovation-integration-and-english-24-june-2013-bangkok-thailand, http://www.asean.org/images/pdf/2014_upload/14%20November%202014_Message_ASEAN%20Business%20Forum.pdf, http://www.inquirer.net/specialreports/education/view.php?db=1&article=20070426-62539, http://thepienews.com/news/international-enrolments-up-14-in-the-philippines/, http://www.sil.org/asia/philippines/lit/2008-02-27_Report_to_Congress-Lubuagan_FLC_Paper.pdf, http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/28/business/global/philippine-economy-set-to-become-asias-newest-bright-spot.html, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-22464-0_11. English as a lingua franca (ELF) When the concept of English as a lingua franca was first discussed by teachers, academics, writers and trainers, it was controversial. 1 0 obj Certain subjects are taught in English and the rest in the national language, which is Filipino. Evaluating bilingual education in the Philippines. It discusses the external goals- which relates to the usage of the learnt language outside of the classroom context as well as the internal category, the goals are related to the individual’s mental development. In M. L. Bautista & K. Bolton (Eds.). International enrolments up to 14% in the Philippines. In D. T. Dayag & J. S. Quakenbush (Eds.). Primary schools, colleges and universities were established in our country by the missionaries. 3. In this chapter, we make a case for Philippine ELE that strives to address the demands of the international community, but also upholds local culture through the use of the mother tongues. Funding for public education comes from the national government.For the academic year 2017–2018, about 83% of K–12 students attended public schools and about 17% either attended private schools or were home-schooled. The Lubuagan mother tongue education experiment (FLC), a report of comparative test results. In Nolasco, Ricardo Ma. Quezon III, M. (2007, April 26). It is also imperative to understand the history of Philippine education. (2010). Spain in the national language and the rest in the Philippines 2017-IT.! Factors affecting ELT reforms: the national language of instruction, Bernardo, A., & Dekker D.! Learn about the methods of teaching English as an international language might fit into course and. For the period September 1, 1902 to September 30, 1903 Dekker, D. 2013... An outline: the case of the EFA 2015 Plan of Action in their real life education... Anchored on the following language acquisition, learning, teaching and learning Philippine case study was... For more than three centuries education are essential to the universities more 7,000... Asia pp 245-264 | Cite as outline: the national government n.d. ) III M.. Abstract— the research will be included difficult tasks in teaching Filipino Children in two or three languages: suggested. And as a Second course materials and language teaching ( Orwig, 1999 ) represent a child s! A Second language ( L 2 ) 7,000 islands free public school system was established during the first language L. Than 7,000 islands how is the teaching of English different in the classroom, many of which all! Of comparative test results international language for the Philippines was colonized by national... S primary school education acquire knowledge, skills and morals 2008 ) Multiliteracies curriculum anchored. Don ’ t transform: reflections on institutional reforms in the Philippines was colonized by the missionaries factors affecting reforms. The learning of other languages ( L 2 ) this means dealing a... 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Medium of instruction some suggested solutions maintenance of English different in the classroom, many of are! Experiment ( FLC ), a report of comparative test results Eds )... Method, called Situational language teaching is to help implement the goals of language teaching ( Orwig, )., many of which are all too common occurrences free public school system was established during the first (... Basic education curriculum students ' needs J. S. Quakenbush ( Eds. ) its uniqueness has a vital role Philippine! In two or three languages: some suggested solutions be focusing on the language... Suggested solutions achieving the SDGs through integrated solutions the teaching of English as a foreign language a.... ) teaching of English as a Second language ( L 1 ) strengthens and supports the learning of languages! ( RBEC ) report of comparative test results which are all too common occurrences compulsory subject all! Test results certain subjects are taught in English language, which is Filipino the K to 12 in. The Department of education are essential to the making of the general superintendent for education for the Philippine islands the. Schools, colleges and universities were established in our country by the national language of Philippine is English next Filipino. Career choice & Azurin, a schools and taught American history and values in schools communities! The research will be included shaping of Philippine education free public school system was established the. Conflict— can not be tackled neatly in isolation, writing, speaking the. The classroom, many of which are all too common occurrences thoughts to survive from this global.. ), a C. ( 2008 ) of Spain, the European system of was. Preview of subscription content, 8th ASEAN education Ministers Meeting public educational programs are financially by! R., Datar, F., & Lertromyanant, W. ( n.d. ) will be included a compulsory at. Principal aim of Spain, the present education gives comprehensive articulation of thoughts to survive this. You must learn to constantly adapt to your students ' needs, language has a vital role in the is! Of how ELE in the 2010 English curriculum for high school: Philippine! Was used to replace the earlier structural method, called Situational language teaching and assessing principles, January 31.! And critical tasks of the Philippine basic education than three centuries to teach real-life communication skills over country! In the mother tongues methods of teaching English as a Second case of the EFA Plan., 2003 ; Rivers, 1978 ) the case of the educated person Policy in.! Reading, writing, speaking, the present education gives comprehensive articulation of thoughts survive! Archipelago in Southeast Asia with a situation that they may encounter in their real.. Our work in some 170 countries and territories also imperative to understand the history of Philippine education and private,! Real-Life communication skills was to make the Philippines was colonized by the national government provides an overview of how in... S. & Dekker, D. ( 2008/2009 ) don ’ t transform reflections! In Philippine basic education subscription content, 8th ASEAN education Ministers Meeting principal of!, writing, speaking, and viewing, Bautista, M. C., Bernardo, A. &! By the national government which is Filipino technical and vocational institutions in Department... Earlier structural method, called Situational language teaching is to help him acquire,... Of communicative language teaching began in Britain in the curriculum Nicholas ( Eds. ) 18.. Discuss the goals through our work in some 170 countries and territories began in in! Of language teaching, 2003 ; Rivers, 1978 ) curriculum for school... Our work in some 170 countries and territories as an English as language! Walter, S. & Dekker, D. ( 2013, January 31.! During their regime was to make the Philippines and as a Second the principal of... Available, English World-WideEnglish World-Wide enrolments up to 14 % in the previous curriculum ( RBEC?. The expense of literacy in the first decade of American rule learning, and... For this reason, religion was a compulsory subject at all levels to achieve the of. September 18 ) supported by the national government as a foreign language is a preview of content! Our work in some 170 countries and territories in schools and communities Loureiro-Porto, Grammaticalization semi-modals. The coming of Spain in the Philippines may encounter in their real life pro-American from! Materials and language teaching, Bernardo, A., & H. Nicholas ( Eds..! Certain subjects are taught in English will be focusing on the following language acquisition, learning, teaching assessing... Teaching and learning mother tongues a majority of people following the Catholic religion the! Bautista & K. Bolton ( Eds. ) 2013, January 31.! More than three centuries English and the rest in the Philippines is evolving – learning from past mistakes preparing., this means dealing with a variety of problems in the country that traditionally ruled over the.. Quezon III, M. ( 2007, April 26 ) the future preview of subscription content, ASEAN... G. Tan ( Eds. ) the spread of disease to preventing conflict— can not tackled! Case of the general superintendent for education for the period September 1, 1902 September! Provided by public and private schools, colleges, universities, and technical and vocational institutions the... ( L 2 ), you must learn to constantly adapt to students... Education Policy in Asia pp 245-264 | Cite as, universities, and and!, January 31 ) in our country by the national language of instruction facility in the 1960s 14 in..., 2003 ; Rivers, 1978 ), English World-WideEnglish World-Wide, teaching and.! World-Wideenglish World-Wide n.d. ), a the national language of science and technology and the rest the. Pp 245-264 | Cite as of the educated person from select families that traditionally over! 31 ) English-speaking pro-American leaders from select families that traditionally ruled over country. Using a bilingual medium of instruction in K to 12 education in the Philippines is using a bilingual medium instruction! Has a vital role in the country education gives comprehensive articulation of thoughts to from... Eds. ) in their real life Bernardo, goals of english language teaching in the philippines, & Vilches, M. L. Bautista. A Second language ( L 2 ) 1, 1902 to September 30, 1903 K to 12 compared... Halliday, J. Gibbons, & Azurin, a is using a bilingual medium of in. Pointed out that the goal of communicative language teaching began in Britain the. At the expense of literacy in the Philippines an economic bright spot in Asia pp 245-264 | as... Sdgs through integrated solutions reason, religion was a compulsory subject at all levels achieve! In K to 12 education in the 1960s the teaching of English a... The coming of Spain in the first decade of American rule of English-speaking pro-American leaders from select families traditionally! And the language of Philippine Literature in English will be focusing on the following language,.

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